GROW ONEGRA FOR LATE BEAUTY
It is also cultivated for its beauty. Oenothera displays large cup-shaped flowers in yellow, white or pink, each flower with four petals.
Evening primrose is named for its habit of displaying its attractive flowers only at the end of the day, similar to four o'clock , although he leaves them open until around mid-morning the next day.
Let's learn more!
AN AMERICAN ORIGINAL
Oenothera It is native to North America, but was brought to Europe in the 17th century, scientists assume, where it has now become naturalized. The plant has also traveled to many other parts of the world.
Depending on the variety, this plant, also known as the coffee plant, golden chandelier, and many other nicknames, can be biennial, annual, or perennial.
Some varieties have an upright growth habit, reaching heights of 6 feet and a width of 24 inches, while others will used as ground cover or to containerized plantings , growing no more than 6 inches.
Several varieties, some of which are quite fragrant, do well in zones 3-11.
SKIN AND BONES
Native Americans used the entire plant to treat bruises and used its roots to treat hemorrhoids. The leaves were traditionally used to heal minor wounds, gastrointestinal problems, and sore throats.
Today, the oil extracted from the plant's seeds is marketed in capsule form to help a number of conditions, including eczema, rheumatoid arthritis, PMS, and osteoporosis.
The body uses gamma linolenic acid, a type of omega-6 fatty acid, contained in the oil to regulate blood pressure and keep the immune system functioning properly.
The root, which is said to have a slightly spicy flavor similar to salsify, can be eaten raw or prepared as you would any tuber.
Birds, perhaps looking for some omega-6 of their own, they enjoy eating the seeds of the plant , as do some humans who use them as poppy seeds would be used.
YOU JUST HAVE TO DECIDE WHICH
There are dozens of varieties of oenothera .
The common evening primrose, Oenothera biennis L. It can grow up to 6 feet. This biennial produces leafy stems the first year, which are adorned by large lemon-yellow flowers in the second year of the plant's life.
O. Berlandieri , or Mexican evening primrose, on the other hand, is a spreading perennial. It only grows to a height of about 18 inches. Native to Missouri, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Mexico, this plant will grow in infertile soils, with minimal water and full sun .
The 'showy' evening primrose ( O. speciosa ) also thrives in heat and is drought tolerant . It grows 18 to 24 inches tall and displays pink, pale lavender, or white and pink flowers.
BASIC SOIL AND A LITTLE H2O
Primrose adapts widely and, depending on the variety, will do well in full sun or light shade. These plants are attractive in groupings, and the spreading forms make a beautiful groundcover.
Oenothera prefers well-drained soils and can tolerate high pH levels. It will do quite well in poor soils, but it will really thrive in soils that have been modified with some organic matter.
Most varieties are fairly drought tolerant and require little supplemental watering.
May propagate from seed or by division . You may be able to find seedlings at a garden center. Plant in spring when all danger of frost has passed.
I DO NOT THINK SO
Interestingly, some gardeners plant Oenothera as a trap plant to keep Japanese beetles away from other "more desirable" plants, such as roses.
Unfortunately, the plant is a tasty delicacy for lygus and leafhopper insects, as well as Japanese beetles.
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